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Parkinson’s Disease Treatment
- Drug therapy.
- Physiotherapy exercises.
- Neurosurgical treatment.
Drug therapy is aimed at filling dopamine deficiency (dopamine receptor agonists, levodopa drugs, dopamine transport inhibitors), as well as inhibiting the progression of the disease, and the death of neurons (neuroprotective therapy). The choice of the drug for initial and subsequent treatment, its dose, number of doses, a combination of drugs is decided by the doctor. All subsequent treatment is carried out under his constant supervision. The use of Balance CBD has also come up as a very important part of this whole process now.
You and your loved ones should know that many anti-Parkinsonian drugs have unwanted side effects, and in some cases, glad drugs are contraindicated specifically for you. Carefully read the leaflets, instructions for possible side effects.
Take action and consult your doctor
The most common possible side effects occur when taking medications containing levodopa (Nacom, Sinomet, Madopar), but these medicines are most effective. The dose should be selected individually slowly so that you “come up” to the indicated average dose after a month and a half. With prolonged use of levodopa drugs over the years, “off”, “on / off” and other motor fluctuations appear. Their elimination should be done only by a doctor. Neurologists call “akinetic crises” for prolonged (several hours and days) congealing episodes. Hospitalization is required for elimination from the crisis because the patient is given intravenous drip and tube feeding.
- With a decrease in the effect of drug treatment, with a prolonged course of Parkinson’s disease, in some cases, neurosurgical treatment is used, stereotactic destructive or stimulating operations on the deep structures of the brain. Neurosurgical treatment is only an additional method; indications for surgical treatment are determined by your attending physician and neurosurgeon.
- Parkinson’s disease is diagnosed by a neurologist. The diagnosis can be clarified by specialists of the Center for Extrapyramidal Diseases of the Nervous System at the Department of Neurology of the Russian Medical Academy of Postgraduate Education, or in other neurological institutions with experience in diagnosing and treating such patients.
The exact causes of this ailment are unknown. But there are a number of factors that increase the likelihood of its development:
- Hereditary predisposition
- Old age (from 60 years)
- Past diseases of the nervous system
- Disorders of blood vessels
- The appearance of neoplasms
- A number of drugs that negatively affect the nervous system
Separate primary and secondary parkinsonism. In the first case, it is caused by a hereditary predisposition, and in the second, by past diseases.
It can be of such varieties as:
- Toxic – while taking certain substances or drugs
- Appearing against the background of neoplasm in the brain
- Due to previous encephalitis
- Caused by traumatic brain injury
At the initial stage, symptoms of parkinsonism are practically not manifested. Depression and chronic fatigue may occur. If the vessels are disturbed, tremor of the limbs may be absent. If the disease arose against encephalitis, the following appears:
- Damage to the nervous system
- Strengthening the work of sweat and sebaceous glands
- Dramatic weight gain or weight loss
To determine the presence of parkinsonism and timely engage in its treatment, you must consult a doctor.