As the harsh summers set in, you usually remember to keep a bottle of water, a tube of sunscreen and all kinds of fancy hats and scarves in your bag before stepping out of the home. And yes, you should. What with the rising frequency of severe heat waves and global warming, there’s no doubt that we need to take adequate care to protect our skin and body from the heat. But what we often seem to overlook is that our eyes need sufficient protection too.

Prolonged exposure to sun’s UV rays can cause severe damage to the eyes. The rising temperature and levels of pollution in the air makes our eyes highly vulnerable to infections, allergies and a host of other diseases especially during summers. Here is a list of diseases that your eyes can get affected by because of exposure to summer heat:

  1. Conjunctivitis

Also known as pink eye or red eye, conjunctivitis is the most common condition during summers.  It can affect one or both the eyes. Its symptoms include redness of eyes, itchy or pricking sensation, discharge and watery eyes.

What makes it worse is that it is highly contagious. Which means it can be contracted through direct contact with an infected person only or sharing objects with them. Some people think that they can catch conjunctivitis by making eye-contact with infected persons but please know that that is just a myth!

Conjunctivitis could be caused due to viral, fungal, bacterial or some other kind of infection. It is advisable to visit an eye doctor to find out its cause and get the right treatment.

  1. Styes

Styes are caused by bacterial infection. In this condition, there is swelling on either one or both eyelids which then grows and causes more swelling in one or both eyelids. Symptoms usually include redness and pain. They are very common among children but may happen in adults too.

Infections like these may cause restrictions in your movement inside and outside the house. In that case, you may buy eye patches as they help in keeping your eyes covered without any hassle and let you perform basic daily activities better. Eye patches work great also because there is much less chance of catching or spreading more infection.

  1. Dry eyes

Dry eye syndrome usually occurs when the tear film of the eye evaporates rapidly because of exposure to very high temperatures in dry weather. There is a piercing burning sensation and irritation in the eyes. Those who have had eye diseases previously are more prone to dry eyes.

  1. Eye Allergy

The eyes are very sensitive to the air during summer. Because of the heat and the high levels of pollutants and other irritants in the air, eyes tend to show allergic reactions. Symptoms include redness, itching and burning sensation. The allergy can last for up to a week. During that time, one can use fresh gauze pads to clean the eyes gently to lessen the irritation. Now you can buy sterile gauze online at Smart Medical Buyer without having to step out of your home and putting your eyes at further risk.

Different eye diseases don’t last for more than a week, but they can be uncomfortable while they affect a person and cause major disruptions in the usual routine. Even though these eye problems are usually short-lived, they should be treated well with care so that there’s no chance of them coming back to haunt you in the summers.

Your eyes are one of your most valuable assets and you have only one pair after all, so never forget to take good care of them. Here are a few suggestions on simple acts of self-care and precaution that can help keep your eyes protected:

  • Never go out in the sun without sunglasses. Choose sunglasses or goggles that have 100 percent UV protection
  • When swimming, wear goggles with adequate sealing
  • Never share handkerchiefs and towels. Use clean and fresh disposable tissues
  • Take utmost care of your personal hygiene. To that end, avoid sharing pillowcases, sheets, cosmetics
  • Keep your home interiors, and especially the surfaces, as dust-free as possible
  • Do not expose your eyes to air from the air-conditioner
  • Do not touch or rub your eyes too hard
  • Wash your hands often with soap and water
  • Sleep for at least eight hours a day to rejuvenate your eyes naturally
  • If there is puffiness or redness in the eyes, splash cold water a few times a day. This will help you relieve the symptoms of common eye diseases.

And most importantly, avoid self-treatment if you have an eye disease or infection. Visit your eye doctor to know the exact cause for the condition and get suitable medical treatment accordingly.